What Is ADHD? Meaning, Symptoms & Tests


What is ADHD?

ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) is a complex brain disorder that impacts approximately 11% of children and almost 5% of adults. ADHD is a developmental impairment of the brain’s executive functions. It is a brain disorder in children that affects how you pay attention, sit still, and control your behavior. It might occur in childhood and can continue till adulthood.

Medical researchers and clinical trials found that ADHD is not a behavior disorder, ADHD is also not a mental illness. ADHD is also not a specific learning disability. Instead, ADHD is a common neurodevelopmental disorder of the brain that typically appears in early childhood, usually before the age of seven.

There are three classifications of ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) such as;

Predominantly Inattentive

Patients with this type of ADHD disorder may have difficulty focusing on tasks, assisting focus, and staying organized, and these problems are not due to defiance or lack of understanding.

Patients in this case mainly have symptoms of inattentiveness, though they may also have some problems with hyperactivity and impulsiveness. Inattentiveness is struggling to stay focused, being easily distracted from the task at hand, and a lack of persistence or organization. This can result in professional and personal difficulties because of a lack of attention to detail and failure to make important deadlines, meetings, and social functions.

Symptoms that show it is Predominantly Inattentive such as;

  • Can be easily distracted
  • Often has trouble organizing a task or activity and doesn’t follow directions or methods to finish tasks
  • Does not listen or pay attention to anything and makes careless mistakes
  • Forgets daily activities and has a problem organizing daily tasks
  • Be like a daydreamer and don’t have an interest in doing things that require concentration.
  •  Having a short attention span
  • Always avoids, dislikes, or resists participating in activities that require sustained concentration/mental effort, due to difficulty focusing, a tendency to waste time
  • Frequently loses things needed to complete tasks or activities

Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive

Patients in this type of ADHD disorder may seem to move about constantly, including in situations when it is not appropriate, or excessively twists taps, or talk.

Patients with this type of ADHD mostly face hyperactivity meaning extreme restlessness or talking too much and impulsiveness, they might also have some inattentiveness symptoms. In adults, this may take the form of exaggerated restlessness and an activity level that other people find tiring.

Impulsivity symptoms such as making important decisions and taking action without thinking through the consequences, especially when those actions might be harmful or detrimental and the resulting effects are long-lasting. It is also indicated by a desire for instant gratification. In social situations, an impulsive person might interrupt others to an extreme degree, and be quick to grow impatient, frustrated, or angry.

Symptoms that show it is Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Such as;

  • When sitting frequently squirms, twists, or bounces
  • Do not stay still when seated
  • Find difficulty while playing silent games
  • Restlessness; Continuously moving, such as running or climbing on things.
  • Talking unnecessarily and unreasonably
  • Does not have patience and has trouble waiting for something.
  • Frequently interrupts others
  • Always having boredom feeling
  • Having trouble Engaging in multiple activities at the same time.

Combined Hyperactive-Impulsive and Inattentive

Patients in this type of ADHD disorder may act without thinking or have difficulty with self-control and self-management. Impulsivity means having a desire for immediate rewards or the inability to wait for results. A person with impulsiveness may interrupt others or make important and big decisions without thinking about the long-term consequences.

Patients with this type of disorder have symptoms of hyperactivity, impulsiveness, and inattentiveness. Most children have this combined type, but the most common symptom of ADHD in preschool-age children is hyperactivity. In children, impulsivity can take the form of impatience, disruptiveness, and difficulty waiting for a turn. Inattention can include daydreaming, difficulty following instructions, forgetfulness in daily activities, and trouble focusing.

In adults, ADHD symptoms may take the form of impulsiveness, frequent interrupting, restlessness, inability to concentrate, a lack of organization and follow-through, difficulty meeting deadlines, frequent mood swings, and difficulty coping with stress.

Read also: Xanax 1mg Blue

Symptoms which shows it is Combined Hyperactive-Impulsive and Inattentive Such as;

  • Mood swings
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Low self-esteem
  • Problems at work
  • Trouble controlling anger
  • Impulsiveness
  • Trouble staying organized
  • Procrastination
  • Easily frustrated
  • Often bored
  • Trouble concentrating when reading
  • Relationship problems
  • Substance misuse or addiction
  • Often being late or forgetting things

Symptoms of ADHD especially in Children, such as

  • Uncontrollable emotional regulation
  • social navigation
  • Sleep disorder
  • Overactivity in which constant restlessness and wriggle 
  • Inattention is lack of attention, distraction or having difficulty concentrating, forgetting instructions, or moving from one task to another without completing anything.
  • Impulsivity is the tendency to act without thinking such as talking over the top of others and having a short fuse.

There are various factors that may lead to ADHD such as

  • Family Genes; ADHD can also be transferred to the baby.
  • Unbalanced Biological chemical; unbalanced chemical changes inside the brain may lead to ADHD.
  • The activeness of the Brain; if some areas of the brain that controls your whole body functions are not active since birth can also be a cause of ADHD.
  • Poor Nutrition; poor nutrition before birth in the womb or after birth can also be a cause of ADHD.
  • Severe infections; if any kind of infection persists in the body for a long period of time may also lead to ADHD.
  • Smoking/drinking; excessive smoking and drinking can also lead to ADHD.
  • Substance abuse during pregnancy; abuse of some medicine by pregnant women or breastfeeding women can also be a reason for ADHD in babies.
  • Misuse of Toxins substances such as lead; these substances can also affect a child’s brain development.
  • A brain injury or a brain disorder; Damage to the front of the brain, called the frontal lobe, can cause problems controlling impulses and emotions, these can also be a reason for ADHD.

General diagnosis  for ADHD

There is no permanent solution for these ADHD disorders. In addition to or instead of medication, several remedies have been suggested to help improve ADHD symptoms. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in the starting stages of ADHD, symptoms can be managed by making some lifestyle changes such as; 

  • Having a balanced diet and eating nutritious food that helps in brain development.
  • Doing physical activities daily for at least 60 minutes per day
  • Having a good sleeping habit 
  • Avoid using phones, computers, and TV.
  • Doing mind relaxing activities such as yoga, tai chi, or spending time outdoor activities can help calm overactive minds and may minimize your ADHD symptoms.
  • Mindfulness meditation is also an option to ease your ADHD symptoms.
  • Avoiding additives that are harming your brain is also a potential way to reduce ADHD symptoms.


There is no permanent solution for these ADHD disorders. Prevention is the best cure. ADHD is a long-term disorder so by taking prevention only you can avoid this type of disorder. But if it occurs then the right treatment approach can help you control many symptoms such as certain behavioral strategies, and lifestyle changes to help with focus and organization, and medical stimulants like Adderall 30 mg orange are used to improve focus and block out distractions in people with ADHD. This class of drug is considered to be the most effective and helps 70 to 90 percent of people with ADHD.

1 thought on “What Is ADHD? Meaning, Symptoms & Tests”

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.